Radio in Argentina
For those of you who did not know, Pandora is really a multi-talented lady, check out one of her
sites (Moved to this Thread) about her past work in radio and journalism.
I did a google search on both of you a few months back :D and this was one of the sites to which I was led. I read it with great interest. It is really cool to get to know another side of someone you converse with on the net.
Edited: tenaheff on 12th Dec, 2003 - 9:21pm
|I did a google search on both of you a few months back|
My passion for radio started when I was 13 years old and I used to spend hours listening to radio programs and calling the station so that they became familiar with me.. I made lots of friends in this way and it allowed me to visit them and know how a radio station looks. Wow, I was "In love"When I put my feet there for the first time. I start working in radio when I was 14, I called a station to request a song and they put me on the air and the announcer after of my song asked me to stay on a private line, so I did and he asked me if I would be interested to work there...I didn't know what to say.... So I said, "Yes" With a smile.
I had an interview with one of the owners of the radio station and he gave me a test which consisted of a practical test in the microphone to evaluate my expression and security. I passed it successfully and I started to work right away as a journalist/announcer in a radio magazine. It was a great experience since I obtained my first tools in media there. Every day I was becoming more and more in love with the radio and the "Magic" That it brings to your life and the life of the people that listen to you. They don't know who you are, they don't know how you look, they don't know nothing about your life, etc...so the imagination plays a very important role there because they "Imagine" You in a certain way that probably you are not. If you went to a radio station broadcast room before, you know what I'm talking about...if you didn't...what are you waiting for?.
Through the years my experience grew until I became more demanding about myself and my work. I wanted professionalism, not just "The little girl talking in the radio for fun". I wanted to be in a certain level of excellence and I worked very hard to obtain this goal. When I finish high school I wanted to study to become an announcer. I was very sure to do that but when I found out that there are only two professional places by law that teach this subject and also the fact that it is very difficult to enroll (Since an average of 1,000 people register to do the exam and only about 30 actually are admitted) I decided to study journalism since I love news and in particular, 'Investigation Journalism'.
History of Radio
An Italian, Guglielmo Marconi, is credited with initiating the concept of radio. The theory of sending electromagnetic waves through the air was developed as a means of improving the then current system of transmitting Morse code, which occurred via telegraph lines. Because wires were not necessary for this system to work, it was appropriately called the wireless. Prior to 1924, radio was used primarily for maritime (I.e. Ship-to-shore communication) and as a means of contact between the many amateur radio clubs which existed.
Old time radioAfter World War One, the concept of radio as a commercial venture began to be explored. Marconi Industries was established in Britain and, in America, Westinghouse started its own station, KDKA in Pennsylvania, to broadcast presidential election results. However, this was not enough incentive for potential listeners to buy radio sets. Because they could see the market would soon diminish, Westinghouse needed to create an alternative source of revenue. This was when advertising began in the form of "Sponsorships". Hence, the introduction of "Commercial Radio".
In Australia, the Federal Government set up the Sealed Set Radio System in 1923, whereby people paid, per station, per year, for their listening privileges. However, this proved unsuccessful, as people simply opened the sets up and adjusted them to the stations they wanted. The Federal Government then introduced a Two-tier Licensing System in 1927/28, under which they kept control of the "A Class" Licenses (Which later became the ABC) and left "B Class" Licenses available for private commercial ventures that were to be self-funding. These "B Class" Stations were able to broadcast sponsorship tags from 1932 and full commercials shortly thereafter.
These stations set out to be sources of entertainment and attracted many former "Sealed set" Listeners and new listeners as well. The Australian Broadcasting Corporation was established in July, 1932, after joining all the "A Class" Licenses together to form a "Cultural educator" For Australia. This caused great controversy as some saw it as an essential service while others said it was a waste of time and taxpayers' money. Based on the BBC, the "highbrow" Approach of the ABC proved too much for many average Australians and thus the Commercial Radio Stations flourished. Successive ABC Chairmen and Board Members have had difficulty in reconciling the Commission's responsibilities to the taxpayers who find its operations with an appropriate programme form fluctuating between the educational and formats of popular appeal. Today's ABC, whilst not totally driven by ratings success, strives to compete with the commercial operators.
In the 30s, 40s and early 50s, Radio was the main source of entertainment for most families. It recognised the different needs to be catered for, with "Soapies" For the women at home during the day (Eg. "Portia Faces Life"), children's programmes in the afternoons (Eg. "Superman"), and dramas in the evening, when the whole family would sit around the radio.
These programmes encouraged listeners to create faces and scenes in their imagination. This theatre of the mind element was a great incentive for people to keep switching their radios on to catch the next instalment in their favourite serial. "Big Bands", variety shows, game shows, radio personalities, and sports broadcasting, were also major forms of entertainment at this time.
When Commercial Stations first started broadcasting sports matches and results they were accused of robbing sporting venues of their crowds, but when the Depression ended and crowds picked up it was evident that Radio had helped renew an interest in seeing sport and Announcers were then allowed to broadcast live from the venue.
The Above information was obtained through:
History of Professional Radio Broadcasting
Pandora's Interview with Emily Schindler
Journalism is a work of risk, adventure and passion. You really have to love it to take the challenge. One of my favourites interviews was on radio with Emily Schindler (The wife of Oscar Schindler). If you remember the movie, "Schindler's List" You will know the background of their work. This great man saved a 1,000 jews from dying in the hands of the nazis soldiers. After the war, both of them went to live in Argentina. Oscar Schindler didn't spend too much time there and he left his wife and went to travel all around the world where he was highly honoured by lots of jewish organizations. His wife stayed in Argentina where she continues living with her more than 40 cats and being taking care of by one jewish organization who pays for her bills and any neccesity she may have. When I talked with her I felt a great spirit of love and wisdom in her words. She's a Great Woman, a woman of courage and a woman of love and compassion for others. She did much more than the movie presents.
Periodismo es un trabajo de riesgo, aventura y pasiÃ³n. Tienes que realmente amar la profesiÃ³n para tomar el desafÃo. Una de mis entrevistas favoritas en radio fue con Emily Schindler (La esposa de Oscar Schindler). Si recuerdas la pelÃcula, "La Lista de Schindler" Sabes de que se trata la historia. El esposo de esta Gran Mujer salvÃ³ a 1,000 judÃos de morir en las manos de los nazis. Despues de la guerra, ambos fueron a vivir a la Argentina. Oscar Schindler no pasÃ³ muchos años allÃ y dejÃ³ a su esposa y viajÃ³ alrededor del mundo donde fue altamente homenajeado por muchas organizaciones judÃas. Su esposa Emily, permaneciÃ³ en la Argentina donde actualmente vive con sus 40 gatos y siendo cuidada por una organizaciÃ³n judia quien se encarga de pagar todas sus cuentas y cualquier necesidad que ella pueda tener. Cuando hable con ella, senti un gran EspÃritu de amor y sabidurÃa en sus palabras. Es una mujer de coraje y una mujer de amor y compasiÃ³n por otros. Ella hizo mucho mÃ¡s de lo que la pelÃcula muestra.