Encephalitis toll approaches 400
Nearly 400 people are known to have died from encephalitis this year in Uttar Pradesh and neighbouring areas, Indian officials say.
What is "Encephalitis" and is there a difference with "Japanese Encephalitis"?
Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain. It can be caused by bacterial meningitis or by a viral infection. Japanese Encephalitis is a specific type of encephalitis spread by mosquito bites. Pigs and birds carry the virus, but mosquitoes can spread it to humans.
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New Virus Transmission Route Discovered In Pigs
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Japanese Encephalitis (JE) virus causes serious inflammation of the brain in people and fertility problems in pigs. Mosquitoes were previously the only known transmission route. However, the virus can also be spread from pig to pig by direct contact, and this could enable it to circulate in pigs during the mosquito-free winter season.
Is this virus related to swine flu in any way? I'm asking because the virus targets the brain but the way its passed by pigs is similar. Its really worrisome how easily it can find its way to you.
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Early warning: Current Japanese encephalitis vaccine might not protect
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is the leading cause of viral encephalitis (Infection of the brain) in Asia. There is no specific treatment for Japanese encephalitis (JE) which can cause death or serious long-term disability, and WHO recommends JEV vaccination in all areas where the disease is recognized as a public health priority. A new study suggests that current vaccines may fail to protect individuals against an emerging strain of the virus. Ref. Source 5e.
New treatment for a rare form of encephalitis
Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis is an inflammatory disease that affects the central nervous system. It is a rare autoimmune disease that results in the body producing antibodies against the NMDA receptor, a protein that plays an important role in signal transduction in the brain. Using a new treatment regimen, researchers have recorded significant progress in treating the disease, including in patients who did not previously respond to treatment. Ref. Source 9i.